This is the deck referred to by Stuart Kaplan1 as the Pierpont Morgan-Bergamo Visconti-Sforza Tarocchi Deck, and Visconti-Sforza2 by Michael Dummett, who dates the deck to 1450-1452. It has seventy-four cards in it, six which were added or replaced later (Fortitude, Temperance, The Star, The Moon, The Sun and The World), and four missing cards (Devil, Tower, Three of Swords, and Knight of Coins).

Since the cards were neither numbered nor titled, it is impossible to absolutely determine what the original names and titles were. I have used the names used by Michael Dummett in The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards3. and the “standard” ordering of the Tarot de Marseilles.

More information about the Visconti-Sforza cards can be found at Andy’s Playing Cards, and TarotPedia.

The card image files were originally found at Liam’s Pictures from Old Books. Images can also be found at

Card Images
More card images:  Staves Cups Swords Coins

1. The Encyclopedia of Tarot, Stuart R. Kaplan. See pg 65-86. Pierpont, Morgan, and Bergamo refer to museums the cards are currently housed in. An alternate name for the cards is simply Pierpont-Morgan-Bergamo.
2. The other 15th century Visconti-Sforza decks are referred to under other names including Cary-Yale (Visconti di Modrone), Rosenthal, Brambilla (Brera), Bartsch, etc. See pg 64 and pg.s 87-107 of The Encyclopedia of Tarot.
3. The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards, Michael Dummett.


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