This is a mid-16th century partial uncut sheet from a woodblock print. It is the earliest known example of a Tarot de Marseilles style deck.1
According to “The Encyclopedia of Tarot vol.II” the cards shown on the fragment are as follows:
top row: bottom right corner of the The Hanged Man, Wheel of Fortune, The Chariot, The Lovers, Justice.
2nd row: Strength, The Pope or Popess, The Emperor, The Empress, The Pope or Popess.
3rd row: The Sun, The Moon, The Star, The Magician, The Fool.
4th row: The Tower, The Devil, Temperance, Seven of Staves, Eight or Nine of Staves.
More informtion can be found at the Association for Tarot Studies.
Image can be found at the Yale University Library.
1. The Encyclopedia of Tarot, Stuart R. Kaplan. pg.s 287-288.